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October 22, 1949

MEDICAL CARE ASPECTS OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE IN JAPAN

Author Affiliations

Chief, Public Health and Welfare Section General Headquarters, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers

JAMA. 1949;141(8):527-531. doi:10.1001/jama.1949.62910080001008
Abstract

The four fundamental elements of the health and welfare program in Japan are preventive medicine, medical care, welfare and social security. This paper will be limited to a summary of the preventive medicine aspects of the program and a brief discussion of the medical care aspects.

ORGANIZATION  Prior to the termination of the war in 1945, there was only a primitive public health and welfare organization in Japan.It was obvious that in order to carry out the health and welfare program a sound organization from the national to the local level would have to be established. This organization would necessarily have to conform to the general reorganization of the Japanese government in accordance with the new constitution adopted after the termination of the war. In order to clarify the situation in Japan as compared to that in the United States, it is essential to bring out the fact that

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