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March 25, 1939

Personality Structure in Schizophrenia: A Rorschach Investigation in 81 Patients and 64 Controls

JAMA. 1939;112(12):1190. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800120076032

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This excellent monograph reports a study of the fantasies produced by persons when exposed to the observation of outlines created by the "ink blot method" and a critical analysis of the verbalizations regarding what they fantasied as a reaction to this observation. The test was originally devised by Rorschach for the study of schizophrenia, and Beck, following Rorschach, uses the method to distinguish between the schizophrenic and other personality problems. This test, which is being utilized more and more for diagnostic and prognostic purposes, offers an objective approach to the whole problem of mental illness. The original work by Rorschach, who died in 1922, has been carried on by Oberholzer and his students and has been further influenced by Behn-Echenburg (who worked with adolescents), Schneider (with inhibited children), Pfister (with the feebleminded), M. Bleuler (with adult siblings), von Verschuer (with twins), Veit (with Parkinson's disease) and Munz (with personality types

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