There is a dearth of information concerning the subsequent developments and final outcome of cases of acute rheumatic pericarditis. Although this condition is frequently seen and has often been studied during its acute phases, the difficulty of tracing and following the same persons for long periods after the immediate recovery has occurred probably accounts for the lack of careful observations concerning its ultimate outcome. It is not our purpose here to ascertain the incidence of acute rheumatic pericarditis but rather to study the immediate mortality and the future course of this disease. Numerous and varied contentions have been made concerning these points, but there are very few critical data on this subject.
Carter1 has indicated that pericarditis occurs in from 6 to 25 per cent of cases of acute rheumatic infections. The great variation in the incidence according to different authors no doubt depends on the fact that the
MASSIE E, LEVINE SA. THE PROGNOSIS AND SUBSEQUENT DEVELOPMENTS IN ACUTE RHEUMATIC PERICARDITIS. JAMA. 1939;112(13):1219–1223. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800130003002
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