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December 3, 1949

A New Theory of Human Evolution

JAMA. 1949;141(14):1029. doi:10.1001/jama.1949.02910140069030

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Among the great scientists who have contributed to man's knowledge of himself the name of Sir Arthur Keith is preeminent. Now in his eighty-first year he has completed a book which recapitulates much of the important contributions to our knowledge of evolution. Especially significant is his forecast in the final paragraphs of this present book.

"Artificially created nations have no power of endurance; when exposed to the fierce winds of an evolutionary workaday world they fall to pieces." "I dare not look forward for more than a few centuries; within this limited period I feel confident that nationalism, far from weakening, will grow ever stronger." Nations are giving lip service to the United Nations Organization, but everywhere we find them searching for economic independence and self sufficiency and strengthening the social bonds and services which give unity and solidarity to nations. Everywhere nations become more and more national in thought

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