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April 8, 1939

THE CEMENT BURN: ITS ETIOLOGY, PATHOLOGY AND TREATMENT

Author Affiliations

SAN FRANCISCO

From the Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine.

JAMA. 1939;112(14):1322-1326. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800140020007
Abstract

In the past few years the importance of the subject of cement burns has again been forcibly brought to attention as a result of the vast building enterprises that have been undertaken.

In projects that involve the use of large quantities of concrete the medical profession, the employer and the employee are constantly confronted with the problem of the cement or concrete burn.

The lesion is an important one because of the economic loss to the employer and the employee. The literature contains but meager information concerning this type of burn. This is true not only as to its etiology and pathology but likewise as to its treatment, which in some instances is predicated on hazy or even erroneous fundamental chemical principles.

The composition of Portland cement and of concrete is shown in table 1.

It is shown that, in these percentage compositions of cement and concrete, calcium oxide or

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