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December 10, 1949

Projective Methods

JAMA. 1949;141(15):1106. doi:10.1001/jama.1949.02910150072034

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The utilization of projective technics has become almost a necessity in the study of personality, and, as the author of this excellent little monograph states: "What is also significant is the growing reliance, of psychotherapists and others engaged in counseling, upon various tests and procedures to provide a diagnosis, or at least to give some initial understanding, of the character-structure and personality makeup, especially the emotional or affective reactions, of the individuals whom they are preparing to diagnose or treat, advise or counsel."

The author discusses briefly, but clearly, the different methods employed, the first being the constitutive method, the oldest and best developed of which is the Rorschach test. In the second, or constructive, method the subject is required to construct an object or objects out of previously prepared material. The third is the interpretative method, best exemplified by the thematic apperception test, which is designed to reveal how

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