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July 13, 1946

A Study of Women on War Work in Four Factories

JAMA. 1946;131(11):948. doi:10.1001/jama.1946.02870280074028

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This study is based on a follow-up inquiry of 100 cases chosen at random from an earlier report on sickness absence among women in industry in which the sickness reports of 1,000 women selected at random in five factories in England were analyzed. The earlier report (Industrial Health Research Board, Report No. 86) indicated that a comparatively small portion of women were responsible for the greater part of time lost to production through sickness.

Results of this study show that certain factory and home conditions were associated with increased sickness absence. The main interest, however, lies in the information it provides about the attitudes of women to their work and environment. The report draws attention to the problems created by the tendency in industry to form increasingly large units and to extend the process of mechanization. As the inherent interest of work diminishes, the worker's enjoyment of the work comes

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