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May 13, 1939

Analysis of Parergasia

JAMA. 1939;112(19):1993. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800190107038

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Abstract

Seventy-seven cases of parergasia or schizophrenia from the basis for the present volume. A mass of data is arranged according to the life experience chart of Adolph Meyer. A tremendous amount of material is presented and yet a purely descriptive use is made of it. The parergastic subject's life defeat is based on poor constitution and personality traits which cause failure in adaptation to life situations. However, to accept life situations which impinge on the individual even in the early years as dynamic factors is the great defect of the meyerian psychobiology. It gives, in other words, lip service to the term dynamic and treats it purely descriptively. The material is so organized in a summarized descriptive form that no truly dynamic reconstruction could be achieved. Life experiences are stressed as important to the individual's fate yet their meaning in terms of the individual is ignored. The earliest infantile situations

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