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November 21, 1953

Physiology of Muscular Activity

Author Affiliations

Originally by Edward C. Schneider, M.P.E., Ph.D., D.Sc. Fourth edition, by Peter V. Karpovich, M.P.E., M.D., Professor of Physiology, Springfield College, Springfield, Mass. Cloth. $4.75. Pp. 340, with 77 illustrations. W. B. Saunders Company, 218 W. Washington Sq., Philadelphia 5; 7 Grape St., Shaftesbury Ave., London, W.C.2, 1953.

JAMA. 1953;153(12):1136. doi:10.1001/jama.1953.02940290068044

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The fourth edition of this book is as valuable and attractive as the first. Despite the addition of important recent material, the size has been kept within bounds. Assuming that the student has had introductory courses in anatomy and physiology, the author discusses muscular activity from the standpoint of muscular structure, nervous control, fuel required, the role of oxygen, energetics, relative energy costs of different activities, respiration, composition of the blood, cardiac output, pulse rate, blood pressure, coordination, fatigue and staleness, external temperature, fitness and age, tests of fitness, body types and posture, activity during convalescence, and ergogenic aids (special foods, drugs, and training ideas) in work and sports. The bibliography includes foreign publications, and a judicious use of references enables the author to condense his text without lapsing into dogmatism.

The section on types of physique reflects an unsatisfactory state of that subject; there is reason to doubt that

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