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Since the turn of the century, physicians have learned much about the exact diagnosis of diseases of the joints. Laboratory procedures and many mechanical methods have contributed largely to this increasing skill. Thus, new light on the diagnosis of rheumatic diseases has resulted from studies of roentgenologic evidence, of fluid aspirated from joints, of specimens taken for biopsy and of immunologic data. Arthroscopic examination may now be added to this growing list. This procedure, the direct visualization of the cavities of joints by an endoscope designed for this purpose, should become important for the study and diagnosis of disease of joints, just as cystoscopic, bronchoscopic and gastroscopic examinations have proved of value. In volume ix of the present series on rheumatism, Vaubel has outlined the technic of the procedure, the indications for it and the attendant dangers, and he has described the instrument made for him by Wolf of Berlin.
Der Rheumatismus: Sammlung von Einzeldarstellungen aus dem Gesamtgebiet der Rheumaerkrankungen. JAMA. 1939;112(23):2464. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800230088041
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