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December 12, 1953


JAMA. 1953;153(15):1356-1357. doi:10.1001/jama.1953.02940320028008

From the times of origin of universities down to the present, academic freedom has been a topic of concern to instructional staffs, administrators, and the public. To discuss its various meanings would lead to a consideration of semantics far beyond the compass of this paper. For our purposes it is enough to say that academic freedom implies in the minds of most moderns the right and duty of teachers to present the truth as it is currently conceived. Among military personnel freedom of teaching can be exercised in the many courses of instruction given in the services and especially in the influence of the more senior investigators on their younger colleagues and pupils. We consume research talent, and effort should be made to replenish and enlarge the supply of investigators. To do so requires freedom for both seniors and juniors.

SECURITY AND PUBLICATION  Freedom, however, has a broader connotation than

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