[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 34.204.176.125. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Other Articles
June 24, 1939

THE RELIEF OF PAIN IN CHILDBIRTH

JAMA. 1939;112(25):2604-2605. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800250028016
Abstract

Ideal methods for relieving the pain of childbirth have been the goal of obstetricians since ancient times. Inscriptions and drawings left by early Egyptians1 indicate that they tried unsuccessfully. Less than a century has elapsed since Sir James Y. Simpson of Edinburgh first used an anesthetic, a few drops of chloroform, for this purpose. In 1880 Klikowitsch introduced the use of nitrous oxide, a method popularized by J. Clarence Webster, Frank Lynch and Carl H. Davis of Chicago, and by Guedel of Indianapolis. Some years before, Steinbuchel, and Gauss of Germany, had suggested the use of scopolamine and morphine for alleviating labor pain, a method which under the name "dammerschlaf," or "twilight sleep," for a time was immensely popular. As originally employed, this method was soon discarded because of uncertain results, with an increase in maternal and fetal mortality. A modification of this method, however, is still widely used.

×