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December 7, 1946

Eléments de psycho-physiologie

JAMA. 1946;132(14):891. doi:10.1001/jama.1946.02870490069029

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This book, written by a French physiologist, purports to put psychology on a sound and scientific basis. It is too voluminous for an introduction and much too superficial for a textbook, besides lacking bibliography or index. Heavily weighted in favor of French literature, it starts out with a short reflexology. not taking into account modern research on reflexes of posture, vestibular reflexes, and so on. This is followed by a purely descriptive treatment of instincts, of which the author seems to recognize about six: the instincts of alimentation, defense. reproduction, motherliness, gregariousness and migration. He also mentions an instinct of play. In the following part the intellectual acts are based predominantly on cerebral function. The emotions are treated descriptively. The author differentiates between primary emotions (fear, anger and love) and secondary emotions, under which heading one finds a motley assembly such as feelings of justice, of religion, of beauty. Of

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