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August 5, 1939

VARIOUS COMPLEMENTARY FEEDINGS USED DURING THE NEONATAL PERIOD: EFFECT ON THE GAIN IN WEIGHT AND THE STIMULATION OF BREAST MILK

JAMA. 1939;113(6):470-475. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800310008003
Abstract

The problem of adequate feeding for the infant during the neonatal period has been discussed for many years. The fact that almost every hospital has a different procedure gives the impression that perhaps the various feedings may not be of such importance as one has been led to believe, i. e. that the newborn infant adjusts itself to its new environment after a certain period no matter what is done or, one might say, in spite of outside interference. To obtain an idea of the effect of various feedings, the following study was carried out.

PROCEDURE  This study was begun in January 1930 and involves the records of 4,622 infants. The newborn infant is under the supervision of the pediatric department as soon as it enters the nursery. A daily chart is kept of its weight, the food intake and the water intake. These intakes are charted separately for each

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