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Article
February 22, 1947

VALUE OF GASTRIC LAVAGE IN TREATMENT OF ACUTE POISONING

JAMA. 1947;133(8):545-546. doi:10.1001/jama.1947.02880080037011
Abstract

For a century gastric lavage has been used in treating acute poisoning. Except for some adjuvants, such as use of an appropriate solvent, an adsorbent, such as charcoal, or neutralizing agent, changes have not been made in this procedure. Its value has not been questioned nor its efficiency doubted. However, a systematic examination of the procedure was made in 1942, for the first time, by Harstad, Møller and Simesen of the Pharmacologic Institute of the University of Copenhagen and of the Psychiatric Department of the Bispebjaerg Hospital in Copenhagen1 with results which indicate its inefficiency and the desirability of more scientific consideration of procedures in acute poisoning.

Møller and his associates made quantitative studies of the volume of fluid and of the amount of poison removed from 80 persons acutely poisoned with several different drugs. Prior to their systematic investigation analytical results over a period of years, obtained from

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