Because of the large scope of the subject assigned to me, it will be possible to mention only the more important drugs for which definite indications exist.
One definite function that may be served by drugs is paralysis of accommodation during periods of active inflammation affecting the internal structures of the eye. Placing the ciliary body at complete rest is of great value in the relief of pain and in the promotion of natural healing processes. A second object of treatment is to cause dilatation of the pupil, which breaks up or prevents adhesions of the iris to the lens and the formation of a membrane which would occlude the pupil and give rise to a secondary rise of intra-ocular tension. Both these objects are achieved by the group of drugs known as cycloplegics, since most of its members are also mydriatics. The typical and most important member
GIFFORD SR. THE PHARMACOPEIA AND THE PHYSICIAN: THE USE OF DRUGS IN OPHTHALMOLOGY. JAMA. 1939;113(10):928–931. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.72800350004011
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