The unique opportunity to study the effect of massive ionizing radiations on experimental animals was provided by Operation Crossroads. The information obtained from observing the tissue response to stimuli provided by release of atomic energy is of medical, industrial and military interest. Radioactive and fissionable substances and their subsequent use presents many new hazards to health. Soon the methods for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of ionizing radiation injuries should be familiar to all physicians.
Because of the character and importance of the Bikini experiments, aid in the planning and the execution phases was obtained from scientists in civilian life, the Army, Navy and Public Health Services.
It was considered that goats, pigs, white rats and guinea pigs would best meet the experimental needs. These animals were chosen because of the wide range of their species' resistance to ionizing radiations. Goats and pigs are approximately as sensitive to total body
TULLIS JL, WARREN S. GROSS AUTOPSY OBSERVATIONS IN THE ANIMALS EXPOSED AT BIKINIA Preliminary Report. JAMA. 1947;134(14):1155–1158. doi:10.1001/jama.1947.02880310013004
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.