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September 13, 1947

SUSTAINED HYPERTENSIONPredisposing Factors and Causes of Disability and Death

JAMA. 1947;135(2):77-80. doi:10.1001/jama.1947.02890020007003

In previous publications1 statistical analyses have been made to indicate the prognostic significance of transient hypertension, transient tachycardia and overweight. It has been shown that the presence of each of these three conditions, by itself, increases the probability of the later development of sustained hypertension and of retirement or death with cardiovascularrenal disease. The presence of two of these conditions is of greater importance in this respect than that of any one alone. The presence of all three is a circumstance of major prognostic importance.

The present study is intended to integrate the earlier reports. Because of the relatively small number of men who died during the periods of observation, retirements for disability and deaths have now been grouped together as medical casualties in service. In addition, the frequency of the primary causes of retirement and death have been tabulated for the cases with sustained hypertension. And finally, conclusions

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