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Article
November 13, 1954

THE CHALLENGE OF THE NEWBORN INFANTCHAIRMAN'S ADDRESS

JAMA. 1954;156(11):1049. doi:10.1001/jama.1954.02950110011004
Abstract

Physicians throughout the United States are justly proud of the gradual decline in infant mortality during the past 40 years. In 1915 the national mortality rate for infants under one year of age was over 100 per 1,000 live births. In 1935 it declined to 56, and in 1952 it reached a low of 28.6. Many factors have combined to produce these results. The medical profession has been the key factor through its stimulation of research, better medical training, leadership in health activities, and cooperation with lay organizations and corporations. Among the end results, are safer foods, pasteurization of milk, better water supplies, better sanitation, and prevention of diseases through immunization. Probably the most pertinent elements in reducing this mortality in recent years have been better prenatal care and the availability of hospitals for confinement with their facilities for immediate postnatal care. Antibiotics and other therapeutic devices have also helped

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