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February 7, 1948


Author Affiliations

New Orleans

From the Departments of Gynecology and Obstetrics of Tulane University School of Medicine and the Charity Hospital of Louisiana at New Orleans.

JAMA. 1948;136(6):365-371. doi:10.1001/jama.1948.02890230005002

"The history of the recognition of pregnancy proceeding outside the cavity of the uterus, the gradual understanding of its gravity and the development of modern methods of its treatment, forms one of the most fascinating episodes in that epitome of human intellect, its brilliancies and its lamentable failures, the history of medicine." So wrote Schumann1 in his excellent monograph published over a quarter century ago. He stated that the first recorded case appeared in Bauhin's "Gynaecorum sive de Mulierum Affectibus Commentarii" (1586), being credited to Albucasis, an Arabian physician who practiced in Spain about the middle of the eleventh century. In 1604 Riolan described the classic picture of ruptured eccyesis; however, over a century elapsed before Dionis (1718) presented his commendable discussion on etiology. In 1759 Bard of New York operated in a case of abdominal pregnancy, the first type of ectopic gestation to be treated surgically. By 1876

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