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June 12, 1948

Betrachtungen zur Individualpsychologie

JAMA. 1948;137(7):665. doi:10.1001/jama.1948.02890410087024

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Dr. Novotny, a senior psychiatrist in the large municipal mental hospital of Vienna, "Am Steinhof," wrote this brief outline of Adlerian theory and therapy in a philosophic vein. For instance, he refers to Kant to explain Adler's concept of conscious versus unconscious. The book centers around the importance of social interest and its limitation through inferiority feelings, which are always self deceptions. The author goes to great length in explaining the mechanism, causes and effects of inferiority feelings. He describes the the three life tasks of work, marriage and social relationships. It is interesting to note that he substitutes Adler's term " style of life" with " Primaeres Leitbild" (primary guiding concept). He gives a good description of the differences between psychoanalysis and individual psychology. The first tries to explain psychic life as a system of conflicting energies, while the latter tries hard to avoid mechanistic concepts; in contrast to psychoanalysis, which

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