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April 30, 1955


JAMA. 1955;157(18):1614. doi:10.1001/jama.1955.02950350028012

The possibility of combating chronic renal insufficiency by the use of a transplanted kidney has attracted considerable attention in recent years. Unfortunately, premature claims of success have led many to believe such a procedure is imminently feasible. The detailed report by Hume, Merrill, Miller, and Thorn on their experience with this procedure in nine patients is therefore of timely interest.1 At the outset, these authors emphasize that their studies were undertaken with full cognizance of the fact that renal transplantation is as yet not a justifiable therapeutic procedure. Their purpose, rather, was to gather information concerning the possible influence of chronic renal disease on the fate of renal homotransplants and to determine whether the fate of the transplanted kidney in man was similar to the fate of the transplanted kidney in lower animals. It was also considered possible that studies in humans might yield new lines of approach to

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