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July 10, 1948


JAMA. 1948;137(11):985. doi:10.1001/jama.1948.82890450013021

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URBAN COST OF FAMILY LIVING  THE CITY WORKERS FAMILY BUDGET. By Lester S. Kellogg and Dorothy S Brady. MONTHLY LABOR REVIEW, U. S. Department of Labor pages 133-170, February, 1948.This study was undertaken to determine the cost of family living in large cities. Four-member families in thirty-four large cities throughout the country were surveyed, and a standard budget was devised at a level which "meets prevailing American standards of what is necessary for health and decent living." The concept of "necessary" used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics includes conventional and social as well as biologic needs; it indicates a modest rather than a minimum standard. The quantities of certain items included in the budget were determined by scientific requirements set up by authorities (such as the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Research Council and the American Public Health Association's Committee on Housing Hygiene) where such standards

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