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September 18, 1948


JAMA. 1948;138(3):215-216. doi:10.1001/jama.1948.02900030047010

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If current efforts at world organization for peace fail, military leaders warn that the next war will not be a declared war but might start with bombing or other attack on our large cities; overnight, they say, we may find ourselves with enormous refugee populations maimed, homeless and confused; industrial populations and rural populations may be attacked just as directly by means of new technics. Confusion will be "twice confounded" unless the medical and allied professions have somehow managed, through a process of preplanning and preexamination, to provide for the prior identification and physical fitness classification of every citizen for military or civilian duties in an all-out response of the entire population.

Accepting these warnings of military leaders at their face value, the medical and allied professions must organize still further to meet the nation's need. The following important services will be required in the months immediately ahead; first, developing

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