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Article
April 14, 1956

The Give and Take in Hospitals: A Study of Human Organization in Hospitals

JAMA. 1956;160(15):1372. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.02960500102031
Abstract

This volume has been needed for some time. While some of it is repetitious, particularly to those having contact with hospitals, in general several areas have been exhaustively studied from a new viewpoint. The study was initiated by the American Hospital Association and was conducted by three well-equipped researchers plus some additional field workers and an advisory commission. Five years were devoted to the study, which covered three hospitals in rural areas, two in small towns, and one in a metropolitan area. One was operated by a religious order. All were the so-called voluntary, nonprofit community hospitals. The authors are to be commended for their courage in attempting such a project. Anyone familiar with the problem has at least a superficial knowledge of the many difficult problems facing them. The modern hospital is an entirely new and different organization from the old type of hospital wherein people were placed to

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