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April 21, 1956


JAMA. 1956;160(16):1411. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.02960510037014

"Occupational medicine is that branch of medicine which deals with the relationship of man to his occupation, for the purpose of the prevention of disease and injury and the promotion of optimal health, productivity and social adjustment." This definition was agreed on at the Conference on the Education of Physicians for Industry in Pittsburgh in December. A growing interest in this subject, springing from a growing need, has been evident in the past 30 years. Industry is accepting on an everwidening scale the concept that the health of the worker is a basic asset and that it is closely related to efficiency. Health has to do with optimal adjustment of the total person to his total environment.1 Many persons with no major anatomic or physiological defects function below their optimal level because of a failure to make such an adjustment, while others who have adjusted successfully carry on and