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THE NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL AND MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS
Actively functioning in medical preparedness is the National Research Council with its Division of Medical Sciences. In these undertakings the Research Council and its parent body, the National Academy of Sciences, are fulfilling one of their primary obligations as quasigovernmental institutions. The National Academy of Sciences was established by President Lincoln in 1863, under a charter from Congress which provided that the Academy should, whenever called on, give advice to the government on "any subject of science or art." During the Civil War, committees of the Academy dealt with military and naval problems.In 1916, when there was threat of involvement of this country in the World War, the Academy again offered its services for national defense. At that time, in order to provide effective organization, the Academy, at the request of President Wilson, created the National Research Council as its active agent
MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS. JAMA. 1940;115(19):1640–1643. doi:10.1001/jama.1940.02810450054021
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