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At the close of World War II in Europe, the United States Air Forces organized and directed a group of experienced flight surgeons to obtain firsthand information on the scientific accomplishments of Germany in the field of aviation medicine. Special teams of experts visited nearly every university, laboratory and military installation where research in support of the Luftwaffe had been conducted. Many of these installations had been partially or completely destroyed by bombing; others had ceased operations or had been dispersed to areas of relative safety. The project was not easy, because research data and developments were scattered widely; countless documents had been lost, and the information obtained often was fragmentary and difficult to evaluate.
A plan was finally formulated and executed under the direction of Major General Malcolm C. Grow, USAF, to establish an aeromedical center at Heidelberg. This attracted a group of leading German aeromedical research workers who
German Aviation Medicine World War II. Volumes I and II. JAMA. 1951;145(12):938. doi:10.1001/jama.1951.02920300078026
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