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April 21, 1951


Author Affiliations

New York

Chairman, Health Resources Advisory Committee, National Resources Board.

JAMA. 1951;145(16):1256-1260. doi:10.1001/jama.1951.02920340034011

In the mobilization of the nation's material, human, spiritual and financial resources to meet the present emergency, it is readily apparent that the major factor of our success will be dependent on manpower. That a nation's strength lies in its manpower has been evident since Adam Smith advanced this thesis in his Wealth of Nations and the world turned from an agricultural to an industrial economy. It is a matter of simple arithmetic to see that today the North Atlantic Pact countries fall far short of their potential enemies in the gross numbers of men available for military service. On the basis of past performance in the last war, however, it seems obvious that our industrial power, when fully mobilized, can more than offset this numerical advantage. If the latest developments in science and engineering through research, coupled with mass production techniques, are to balance the scales in our favor,