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August 25, 1951


JAMA. 1951;146(17):1599. doi:10.1001/jama.1951.03670170053014

It is indicative of the progress in the field of malaria that the 1950 Symposium of the National Malaria Society1 was concerned with "Nation-Wide Malaria Eradication Projects in the Americas" rather than with "control" of malaria, as in the past. The concept of eradication of a disease implies, according to Soper,1e that the roots of infection are so destroyed that the disease will not reappear, in the absence of reintroduction, even though control measures be discontinued. The first suggestion for the "eradication" of malaria according to Andrews,1a was made by Dr. Frederick L. Hoffman in 1915, although he probably used the word eradication in the sense of control rather than of complete elimination of the disease. In his presentation, Andrews credits Dr. L. L. Williams Jr. with much of the antimalaria activities in the United States. The Public Health Service, with which Williams was associated, has initiated