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November 17, 1951

Phantom Limbs in Amputees: A Study of Changes in the Integration of Centripetal Impulses with Special Reference to Referred Sensations

JAMA. 1951;147(12):1181. doi:10.1001/jama.1951.03670290089036

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Cronholm reports the results of a study of 122 patients with amputations at or proximal to the wrist or ankle. He describes the sensations of the patients with "phantom limbs" and analyzes the conditions predisposing the amputee to such experiences. For instance, on page 62 he gives the data showing that this experience is more frequent in patients undergoing amputations late in life and also gives the statistical evidence that this difference between old and young is significant.

Prospective readers will save themselves much annoyance by memorizing the 10 abbreviations given on page 14, which are unfortunately used throughout the preceding seven pages of the table of contents, as well as throughout the remainder of the text. Of some practical interest are Chapters 37 to 41 on the behavior of the phantom limb when the patient is wearing a prosthesis, and on page 220 two cases are mentioned in which

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