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December 22, 1951


JAMA. 1951;147(17):1709-1710. doi:10.1001/jama.1951.03670340099023

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Drug Addiction in Turkey.  —Before World War I drug addiction was rarely encountered. With the influx of Russian refugees in 1919, drug addiction, mostly to cocaine, appeared and spread. During the occupation, 1918-1923, it was difficult to curb illicit traffic in narcotics, and it became necessary to set aside a pavilion for the treatment of drug addicts at the Istanbul-Bakirköy mental hospital.According to a publication by Prof. Fahreddin Kerim Gökay, formerly of Istanbul University Department of Psychiatry, for many years chief of Bakirköy's 3,000-bed mental hospital, and currently governor and mayor of Istanbul, 1,534 patients, of whom 1,442 were men and 92 were women, were treated for drug addiction between 1940 and 1949. The ages of these patients were 15 to 19 in 7% of the cases, 20 to 34 in 56%, and 35 to 50 in 37%. Seventy-one per cent were addicted to heroin, 7% to hashish, 4%

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