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May 5, 1956


JAMA. 1956;161(1):53-54. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.62970010005015a

Cervical collars have been in use for many years. Probably one of the earliest and best-known collars was devised by Hugh Owen Thomas.1 It is generally made of heavy cardboard and sheet cotton. Recently Philip Lewin2 described a wrap-around-type collar that is made of hospital cotton and silkaline. The cervical collar can be used as a first-aid measure or in treatment. It exerts traction and distraction and affords support and immobilization. The collar is useful in the later treatment of fracture dislocation, dislocation and subluxation of the cervical spine, muscle injuries, intervertebral disk pathology, cervical and brachial neuritis, and neurological conditions such as anterior poliomyelitis.

The cervical collar that we have devised has the following advantages: it can be made readily on an individual basis in the office or clinic; it can be applied easily and with a minimum of movement, which is especially advantageous in cases of