• The misuse of ionizing radiations for the treatment of benign conditions is still being recommended and practiced. Textbooks continue to list indications for hazardous uses of radiation without giving critical evidence of benefit. There is evidence that neither the new nor the established practitioners are being reached by recent information about the proper use of radiation and the need of protection. Fluoroscopy in particular is often done under conditions recognized as unsafe. For the safety of the patient, the physician, the nurse or technician, and others who may be helping, the physician who uses x-rays or radium should make sure that the newer knowledge of radiology is being applied in his practice.
Zavon MR. RADIATION-HELPFUL OR HARMFUL?. JAMA. 1956;162(6):532–535. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.02970230004002
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