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Article
November 10, 1956

Muscle Testing: Techniques of Manual Examination

JAMA. 1956;162(11):1098. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.02970280078034

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Abstract

This book offers a wealth of accurate anatomic and kinesiological information, in the form of text and line-drawings, for use in testing and recording the status of individual muscles in patients with various forms of neuromuscular disability. The material is often rendered unclear by the use of a telegraphic style, but the illustrations are excellent. Commendable effort has been put into a comparative study of other proposed methods of grading manual muscle tests, but much work along this line remains to be done. Bovard and Cozens have shown that a given mass of data can generally be scored in many ways but that the various ways can be compared systematically as to their dependability by computing reliability indexes from test-retest data. The choice of the best possible method of scoring becomes extremely important in any situation that involves questions of employability or compensation. It is hoped that the authors will

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