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In the construction of diets for alteration of the body weight of adults, certain assumptions have long been employed. Though not entirely accurate, they have the merit of utility and may be stated briefly as follows: 1. For every individual there exists an "ideal" body weight, which may be calculated by a rule of 110 lb. (49.9 kg.) for a person 5 ft. (152.4 cm.) tall, with 5 lb. (2.3 kg.) added for each additional inch. It is customary to allow a variation of 10% in this value, depending on body build. 2. A person who is mainly sedentary requires a daily dietary allowance of 35 calories per kilogram of body weight. If he eats 35 calories per kilogram of his ideal weight, his actual weight, regardless of what it is, will remain constant. If he does heavy labor, however, his caloric requirement may be as high as 40 or
Slonim RJ. A SIMPLE AID IN CALCULATION OF DIETS. JAMA. 1956;162(13):1233–1234. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.72970300001011
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