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November 24, 1956

Proceedings of the International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy Held in Geneva, 8 August—20 August 1955. Volume 10: Radioactive Isotopes and Nuclear Radiations in Medicine. Volume 11: Biological Effects of Radiation

JAMA. 1956;162(13):1266. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.02970300066028

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Abstract

These two volumes, which in themselves are impressive in size and content, are parts of a monumental series of 16 that summarize the scientific work of the famous Geneva conference. Volume 10 is in four sections; the first of these is introductory, the second deals mainly with uses of radioactive isotopes in therapy, and the third and fourth deal with uses in diagnosis and research. The individual isotopes most frequently mentioned are strontium-90, cobalt-60, iodine-131, astatine-211 (which resembles iodine in being selectively accumulated by the thyroid gland but differs strikingly in emitting alpha instead of beta particles), phosphorus-32, hydrogen-3 (tritium, useful as the oxide in studies of water metabolism), rubidium-86 (useful as a tracer for potassium), carbon-14, and sulfur-35. A chapter on the therapeutic usefulness of radioactive colloids points out that gold-198 is the only isotope that can be used in this way. Phosphorus-32 in the form of chromic phosphate

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