[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]
December 8, 1956


JAMA. 1956;162(15):1381-1382. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.72970320003008a

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


Significant laboratory examination of urine from the female requires that the specimen be collected by catheter in a clean container. Urine voided directly into a bottle or bedpan often contains foreign material, including epithelial cells, mucus, pus or blood from adjacent perineal areas, or extraneous substances from the collection container. While a negative voided specimen is significant, a positive one requires restudy of a catheterized specimen in order to determine the significance of the findings. Such duplication is timeconsuming and, therefore, costly.

The method of catheterization of the bladder in the female most commonly used involves the use of a sterile rubber catheter to protect the patient from extraneous contamination, a rubber glove to handle the sterile catheter, and a suitable collection container. Each of these items must be reprocessed before each use. Since this takes time and is, from the labor stand-point, costly, and because the equipment tends to

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview