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Article
December 22, 1956

United States Army in World War II: The Technical Services. The Medical Department: Hospitalization and Evacuation, Zone of Interior

JAMA. 1956;162(17):1580. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.02970340070026

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Abstract

This is one of a series of volumes on the history of the medical department of the U. S. Army during World War II. It deals primarily with the logistics of hospitalization and evacuation in the zone of the interior. The professional care of patients is not discussed here but will be discussed by specialists in future volumes of this series. When the President proclaimed a limited national emergency Sept. 8, 1939, the Army medical department was operating only 7 general hospitals and 119 smaller station hospitals. The gigantic task before the medical department to meet the requirements of World War II is revealed in the fact that between January, 1942, and August, 1945, there were 8,900,000 admissions to Army hospitals in the zone of the interior. In the same period, more than 518,500 patients were debarked at seaports and 121,400 at airfields in the United States for transportation to

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