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Studies on Infantile Diarrhea and Enteritis.
—During the last 20 years the infantile mortality rate in Mexico has decreased from close to 140 per thousand children born alive in 1931 to 95.8 per thousand in 1950. On the contrary, the birth rate has increased progressively and in 1950 was 45.5 per thousand inhabitants, almost the highest in the world. With these figures in mind Olarte and his associates of the Instituto de Salubridad y Enfermedades Tropicales carried out studies, which will soon be published in the Prensa Médica Mexicana, on the epidemiology of infantile diarrhea and enteritis in Mexico, specially in the federal district. Surprisingly these studies have demonstrated that, despite the clear decrease in infant mortality during the last 20 years, the mortality owing to diarrhea and enteritis has been about the same and is still very high, with a rate of 47 deaths a year per thousand children
MEXICO. JAMA. 1952;150(11):1138–1139. doi:10.1001/jama.1952.03680110078023
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