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—Until 1937 social security in Ecuador covered only fiscal employees, the military, the police, and municipal employees; but in that year the law of obligatory social security was passed, thereby putting the majority of employees and workers theoretically under the protection of social security. In practice, however, social security has, as yet, not extended to the agricultural workers but only to the workers and employees in the cities. Social security includes some important provisions such as care in illness, maternity, old age, invalidism, and occupational accidents. In addition it extends short term credit of an amount that rarely exceeds three times the salary and provides 30 year mortgages for those buying a home. Moreover, social security has undertaken, in the majority of cities in the republic, extensive building programs to provide adequate housing at low cost. Workers and employees pay 5% of their salaries, of which 2% covers
ECUADOR. JAMA. 1952;150(12):1237–1238. doi:10.1001/jama.1952.03680120073020
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