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Article
January 26, 1957

MEDICAL ASPECTS OF MOTOR-VEHICLE ACCIDENT PREVENTION IN INDUSTRY

JAMA. 1957;163(4):237-239. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02970390013006
Abstract

• The significance of the human factor in automobile accidents is illustrated by the reduction in the annual rate of accidents (from 6,377 in 1946 to 3,130 in 1955) achieved by a metropolitan transit system by developing its medical program for drivers and introducing psychological tests. The data show that the cost of maintaining a medical department for a year is less than the cost of one bad accident. The division of motor-vehicle drivers into categories makes it possible to set up fair standards for each. The details of the examination and the frequency of reexaminations depend on the applicant's age, the history of past and more recent illnesses, and the category for which he wishes to qualify. A reference list of hazardous conditions in drivers of motor-vehicles has been prepared on the basis of experience and is available for the guidance of physicians, industry, safety organizations, and licensing agencies. The comprehensive medical program enlists the cooperation of the family physician, and handicapped employees are grateful for safer jobs.

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