• The causes of breech presentation have been the subject of dispute, but those that are known are not amenable to control. High fetal mortalities have been associated with it in the past. When it is recognized, adequate prenatal care is especially important. Consultation is required, and the consultant should assist in the delivery. External version is avoided. Manual aid sufficed in 95% out of 500 breech deliveries. The approach has been conservative in all, and only rarely is version and extraction attempted.
Morgan HS. ETIOLOGY OF BREECH PRESENTATION AND PRENATAL CARE. JAMA. 1957;163(5):329–330. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02970400001001
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