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Prevention of industrial injuries was first recommended by Ramazzini in 1700. Payroll deduction to finance benefits after accidents and death was first introduced in Germany in 1884. Legislation regulating working conditions had a slow beginning. In the United States at the beginning of the 20th century there was little social legislation and no compensation for occupational disability and there were no laws governing employer's liability and safe working conditions. Industrial medicine today represents the programs of the medical supervision, preventive medicine, and public health in industry. The fact that industrial workers and their families make up one-half of the nation's population indicates the importance of the industrial physician. Workmen's compensation laws include compensation for loss of earnings and free medical services and state that "there must be a causal relation between the injury and the employment." An industrial injury, however, need not occur at the place of work. The causal
Urology and Industry. JAMA. 1957;163(5):405–406. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02970400077030
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