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February 9, 1957

Comparative Anatomy of the Eye

JAMA. 1957;163(6):513. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02970410103033

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The interesting story of the adaptation of the eye to environment and the visual needs of the animal for survival is told in most readable fashion in this book. Details are adequate to satisfy the more scientific reader, but, as an aid to those less thoroughly grounded in zoology, animals are mentioned by their common names, the corresponding scientific names being listed in a glossary in the back of the book. Attention is called to the development of the closed orbit in animals that require it for protection. The position of the eye is related to feeding habits, the carnivorous species having the eye farther forward with the development of sharp vision whereas the hunted species have the eyes farther back with a wider field of vision. The author does not attempt to duplicate Polyak's treatise on the retina but does call attention to rod and cone predominance in various

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