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June 23, 1956


JAMA. 1956;161(8):749. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.02970080079025

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To the Editor:—  In the March 31 issue of The Journal there appeared a guest editorial by Dr. Isaac Starr. Dr. Starr very ably presents the tremendous impact that the "German School" of pathology had on American medicine. During this period 19th century vagaries were swept away en masse amid enthusiasm that quite probably will not be duplicated. This school of pathology was largely a school of "gross" pathology, and careful microscopic examination was only randomly applied to the material. I do not wish to belittle the great gains of this period, although we have become aware of how prevalent certain errors must have been. It did offer one advantage that at times makes a present-day pathologist wistful. The Geheimrat never had to say that what he thought was a peptic ulcer actually was a carcinoma as proved by the later sections. He was not subject to contradiction and enjoyed

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