• Whether the cause of intestinovesical fistula is inflammatory, neoplastic, or traumatic, the mechanism of production is localized intestinal pathology, abscess formation, and extension to the bladder. The diagnosis is made from a history of passing gas and feces from the urinary tract. The best treatment is a multistage procedure, with the colostomy first, and then resection of the intestine and fistulous area of the bladder; cystostomy is not always necessary.
Abeshouse BS, Robbins MA, Gann M, Salik JO. INTESTINOVESICAL FISTULAS: REPORT OF SEVEN CASES AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. JAMA. 1957;164(3):251–257. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02980030027007
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