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May 18, 1957


JAMA. 1957;164(3):273-277. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02980030049012

• More than three-fifths of the physicians who complete internships today continue specialty training without interruption. The number of internships and residencies offered in approved programs is nearly three times what it was before World War II. For 1955-1956, 8,780 interns and 21,213 residents were reported in training in the hospitals studied. Of the 8,780 interns, 2,300 were aliens. Analysis of the figures showed that the number of native interns had increased during the period studied but that the number of alien interns had increased much faster. Even so, 17% of the internships as well as 19 % of the residencies were unfilled. The increase in the number of physicians taking specialty training since 1952 has been accounted for entirely by aliens. There has been a decrease in the number of residents specializing in tuberculosis and a striking increase in the number specializing in anesthesiology. The facts obtained by the Health Resources Advisory Committee afford a basis for consideration of many problems of the staffing of hospitals and the mobilization of medical resources.