The recent report1 of the National Academy of Sciences—National Research Council concerning the biological effects of atomic radiation was quite reassuring as to the fall-out from nuclear weapon tests but raised an alarm in regard to the medical use of x-rays. "The medical use of x-rays should be reduced as much as is consistent with medical necessity," reads one of the recommendations of the genetics committee of the council, headed by Dr. Warren Weaver, vice-president for natural and medical sciences of the Rockefeller Foundation.
As a consequence of this report, given out at a press conference2 on June 12, 1956, there may be some public anxiety on the subject of x-rays. This situation concerns not only radiologists but physicians in general, who find x-ray studies increasingly valuable and who now are expected to reconsider them in terms of their value versus their danger.
For example, it was advised
Kirsh IE. USEFUL PRECAUTIONS IN RADIOGRAPHY FROM THE GENETIC POINT OF VIEW. JAMA. 1957;164(5):553–554. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.62980050001013
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