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June 29, 1957


JAMA. 1957;164(9):970-971. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.62980090001007

It has been estimated that from 5 to 8% of all cases of diabetes mellitus occur in children. This incidence decreases with decreasing age. Because of the rarity of diabetes in infancy, this case in a 67-day-old child is being reported.

Review of Literature  Joslin and co-workers1 reported seven cases occurring during the first year of life in 1,430 diabetic children. In 1948, Schwartzman, Crusius, and Beirne2 collected from the world literature reports of 56 instances of diabetes developing in infants under one year of age, and they also described a case of their own. Of the 57 patients, 18 were 3 months of age or younger. Thirteen of these 18 patients died within 15 months after the diagnosis was made, 4 recovered completely, and the remaining patient was still living at the time their report was published. The four who recovered completely apparently did not have true

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